Conselho de Segurança da ONU encoraja o diálogo nacional 

GBissau (5 de Setembro de 2016) – Dias depois de terem ouvido as informações prestadas pelo Representante Especial do Secretário-Geral das Nações Unidas na Guiné-Bissau, Modibo Ibrahim Touré, os membros do Conselho de Segurança (CS) expressaram sua grave preocupação com o impasse político na Guiné-Bissau.

Através de um comunicado, o CS exorta os actores nacionais a respeitar a Constituição e o Estado de direito, enquanto se esforçam para encontrar uma solução política para a crise, através do diálogo e boa-fé. Por outro lado, o CS insta as forças de segurança da Guiné-Bissau para manterem a sua postura de não-interferência na situação política, continuando assim a moderação demonstrada durante este processo, em estreito respeito pelo controlo civil. 
Os membros do Conselho de Segurança sublinharam também a necessidade urgente de se garantir um governo funcional, tendo saudado o diálogo permanente entre os principais intervenientes nacionais, nomeadamente o PAIGC e o PRS. O CS encoraja estas consultas partidárias e salienta a importância de garantir a estabilidade da presente legislatura.

O CS sublinha também a necessidade do governo da Guiné-Bissau trabalhar para restaurar a confiança dos parceiros de desenvolvimento, através da resolução do presente impasse político. Ainda assim, o Conselho de Segurança convida os doadores a cumprirem as suas promessas feitas na Mesa Redonda de Bruxelas realizada em Março de 2015, levando em conta o impacto do impasse político sobre a implementação dos compromissos assumidos nessa altura. Os membros do CS exortam os doadores, em consultas com o governo guineense, a considerarem a elaboração de estratégias inovadoras que possam contribuir para a prestação de serviços sociais para o povo da Guiné-Bissau, cujas condições de vida têm sido especialmente atingidas pelo impasse político.

Por último, os membros saudaram mais uma renovação do mandato da ECOMIB com o apoio financeiro da União Europeia, tendo em conta o seu importante papel na manutenção da estabilidade na Guiné-Bissau.

No passado 30 de Agosto, os membros do Conselho de Segurança da ONU receberam actualizações sobre a situação política na Guiné-Bissau por parte do Representante Especial do Secretário-Geral e Chefe do Escritório Integrado de Consolidação da Paz das Nações Unidas (UNIOGBIS), Modibo Ibrahim Touré.

Versão integral em inglês do comunicado:

Security Council Press Statement on Guinea-Bissau

The members of the Security Council heard a briefing by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS), Mr. Modibo Ibrahim Touré, who provided an update on the situation in Guinea-Bissau, on 30 August 2016.

The members of the Council expressed their serious concern over the political impasse in Guinea-Bissau and urged national actors to abide by the Constitution and the rule of law, while striving to find a political solution to the crisis through good-faith dialogue.  They urged the security forces of Guinea-Bissau to maintain their non-interference in the political situation, to continue the restraint shown in this regard, and maintain respect for civilian control.

The members of the Security Council stressed the urgent need to ensure a functioning government and welcomed the ongoing dialogue among key national stakeholders, including between the PAIGC and the PRS. They further urged them to work towards that end and underlined the importance of ensuring stability throughout the current parliamentary term.

The members of the Security Council stressed the need for the Government of Guinea-Bissau to work to restore the confidence of development partners by resolving the political impasse. They invited donors to fulfil their pledges made at the Brussels Round Table held in March 2015, bearing in mind the impact of the political impasse on the implementation of their commitments.

They called on them to consider, in consultation with the Government of Guinea-Bissau, devising innovative strategies contributing to the delivery of social services to the people of Guinea-Bissau whose living conditions have been greatly affected by the political impasse.

The members of the Security Council recalled the decision taken by the forty-ninth Ordinary Summit of the Authority of Heads of State and Government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) held in Dakar on 4 June 2016, to designate a presidential mission to Bissau comprising the Heads of State of Guinea, Senegal and Sierra Leone. They reiterated their support and stressed the urgency of the deployment of such a mission and look forward to its outcomes.

The members of the Security Council commended the important efforts of ECOWAS and encouraged ECOWAS to extend its political support to the political process in Guinea-Bissau through the use of good offices and mediation.

They further welcomed the renewal of the mandate of ECOMIB bearing in mind its important role in maintaining stability in Guinea-Bissau.  In this respect, they commended the decision of the European Union to provide financial support to this Mission.

The members of the Security Council welcomed the joint efforts by international partners, in particular the United Nations, African Union, ECOWAS, European Union and the Community of Portuguese-language Speaking Countries (CPLP), to enhance cooperation in support of the Government in Guinea-Bissau and encouraged them to continue working together towards the country’s stabilization and the building of strong and credible institutions in accordance with the key structural reforms in the defence, security and justice sectors establish by the Government.  In this regard, they acknowledged the role of the Peacebuilding Commission in enhancing these efforts to support the long-term peacebuilding, including institution-building, priorities of Guinea-Bissau.

The members of the Security Council also noted the challenge of fighting illicit drug trafficking and organized crimes and urged positive engagement by the Bissau-Guinean authorities and the support by the international donors in this regard.

The members of the Security Council further encouraged ECOWAS and the CPLP to take the necessary steps towards organizing a meeting of the International Contact Group on Guinea-Bissau, in consultation with all concerned stakeholders.

The members of the Security Council reiterated their commitment to continue to monitor the current political crisis and expressed their readiness to take necessary measures to respond to further worsening of the situation in Guinea-Bissau.

4 September 2016

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